What Can Be The Causes of Weight Gain?
Everyone is exposed to stress, but some people manage it more effectively than others. It is not the stress factor that is involved, but the way in which it is addressed. When stress is not managed properly, our body goes into survival mode, and releases cortisol, the stress hormone.
One effect of the effects of cortisol is to increase appetite. This is why some people instinctively resort to what they call “comfort food”.
Usually, high-calorie foods like chocolate, candy, ice cream and others seem to offer more “comfort” than healthier options like fruits and vegetables. So you do not have to worry about why you gain weight during periods of stress.
Lack of sleep
Lack of sleep can come with stress, but in some cases you can get insomnia because you do all sorts of things instead of going to bed early.
Television, internet, video games are the distractions of the modern world that keep us awake late into the night without realizing that we are wasting a good sleep against these hobbies.
There are two reasons why people who do not get enough sleep gain weight.
- The first is hormonal. Lack of sleep disrupts the release of hormones that increase hunger and decrease satiety.
- The second is that when we wait late, we tend to take more snacks than we should.
There may be drugs, including non-prescription drugs, that can make you fat.These include steroid drugs, certain anti-arthritis drugs, antidiabetic medications, hypertension, beta-blockers, or antidepressants and other drugs for mental problems.
- Steroid drugs, anti-arthritis and some anti-diabetic drugs can cause weight gain due to salt and water retention. This side effect is aggravated by eating salty foods.
- Antipsychotic and antidepressant products can also cause hormonal changes that may increase appetite, but it is also possible that improving emotional well-being may result in better appetite. Depression, in and of itself, can also result in weight gain. So it is really better to increase physical activity, which will not only burn excess calories, but also release hormones from well-being to improve mental and emotional conditions.
- Contraceptive pills are often accused of being the cause of an increase in weight. The combination of estrogen-progestin pills can cause a small gain in weight initially due to salt and water retention, but studies have shown that this effect is short-lived and usually dissipates with time. If you continue to gain weight more than six months after taking birth control pills, see your doctor or dietitian nutritionist to look for a reason elsewhere.
Some diseases such as hypothyroidism (thyroid gland dysfunction), Cushing’s syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can lead to weight gain. The thyroid is the glandular organ in the form of a butterfly just below the Adam’s apple.
- When it is in hyperfunction, one loses weight in spite of an increased appetite.
- When it is hypofunctional, you tend to gain weight despite a limited intake of calories.
An individual with hypothyroidism also feels slow, tired, cold and weak. Indeed, low levels of thyroid hormones slow metabolism, leading to weight gain and decreased energy. Fortunately, this can be treated with medication. Still need to be diagnosed!
Cushing’s syndrome is an abnormal condition that increases the rate of cortisol hormone. It may be due to a tumor of the adrenal glands, a corticotropic adenoma (benign tumor of the pituitary gland) or it may be induced by the intake of a drug, such as certain steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for asthma, bronchial allergies or Rheumatoid arthritis.
This syndrome causes unbalanced weight gain, usually highlighted around the face, neck, upper back or waist. We talk about truncal obesity.
Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs in some women of reproductive age. Multiple small cysts form in the ovaries, resulting in hormonal imbalance. One of the main complications is insulin resistance. These women later become diabetic and gain weight, especially around the belly (visceral obesity).
Does menopause cause weight gain? No … this is an accepted idea. Weight gain is not due to the menopause itself but to the process of aging and decreased body metabolism. Some women also tend to be less physically active after menopause, hence the extra pounds.
When you stop smoking, you can expect weight gain due to increased hunger, but this should not be a reason to start smoking again. The dangers of smoking are more than a hundred times more dangerous for health, compared to the risk of taking one or two pounds that can be lost later.