When Did Obesity Become A Disease?
The obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of body fat. In other words, it arises when the energy balance is positive. But when did obesity become a disease?
The obesity became the first not infectious disease of the History. It is the real epidemic which strikes as well the industrialized countries as the developing countries. In present, the World Health Organization (WHO) places its prevention and its coverage as a priority in the field of the nutritional pathology. The human obesity was recognized by WHO as a disease since 1997.
In the world, 1.5 billion adults (20 years old and more) have an overweight, and at least 500 million of them are obese. The third of the adults, approximately, is obese in the United State of America. In 2010, no state reflected a rate of obesity less than 20%. Thirty six States were 25 % or more; 12 of these States had a prevalence of 30 or more.
Obesity becoming a disease
The obesity became a disease when it begin to distort the Health, the consequences can be physical, psychological and social order. It evolves in several phases: it is originally a behavioral disease bound to the environment of the patient but becomes, from a certain stage, a disease of organs.
Diabetes, cardiorespiratory diseases, articular consequences and cancers are more frequent at the obese people. Without counting the impact psychological and social which can be considerable.
The obese people have a less good quality of life by aging and have a life expectancy shorter than the people who have a normal weight. Moreover, the healthcare professionals predict that the young people of today will be the children’s first generation of which the life expectancy will not exceed that of their parents. Mainly because of the increasing frequency of the child obesity.